A three way tripod head has separate adjustments for horizontal movement (pan), fore and aft movement (tilt) and camera orientation (vertical or horizontal). This makes a three way head heavier and more bulky than a ball head, but it’s easier to make precise, fine adjustments in one direction only.
Travel tripods are designed for compactness and light weight so that they can more easily be strapped to bags or even carried inside them. They have a specific design feature, whereby the legs fold upwards around the centre column and the tripod head to minimise their size when folded.
An old-fashioned form of continuous lighting once used extensively in studio and portrait photography but now superseded by more powerful and energy-efficient flash systems.
The ‘designer’ word for text.
This is the part on the top of the tripod that allows you to move the camera and then lock it in position. You can get ball heads, which allow free movement in all direction but not much precision, or three-way heads which are slower to use but enable you to move the camera in […]
Three-legged camera support that doesn’t really need much more explanation, except to say that they vary considerably in cost, size and rigidity, and that some come with tripod heads while others require you to buy them separately.
A more advanced version of a point and shoot camera with a much longer zoom range and, sometimes, more advanced photographic controls. The 20x or 30x zoom range makes these cameras much more versatile, but they use small sensors so the picture quality is limited.
Changing the perspective or scale of a photo or objects within the photo. Typically it can include straightening, scaling up and down, skewing or correcting converging verticals, for example.
A deliberately low-quality image effect that mimics the retro look produced by cheap old film cameras. Pictures have added contrast and colour saturation and strong vignetting at the edges of the frame. Some toy camera effects add a colour shift to simulate old and out of date film.
Pretty self-explanatory really – an LCD screen offering touch control for camera settings, setting the focus point, menus and more. These are becoming increasingly popular on compact cameras and mirrorless models as a way of supplementing or replacing knobs and dials.
Autofocus mode where you tap on a touch-sensitive screen to choose the focus point for the picture. Some cameras also offer a touch shutter option where tapping the screen not only sets the focus point but fires the shutter too.
A technique used by HDR software to ‘map’ the extremely wide brightness range of a high dynamic range image into an editable form where the extremes of shadow and highlight detail are preserved. It’s usually the first and sometimes the only step in making an HDR image.
An all-in-one tonal adjustment filter in ON1 Photo which offers control over Exposure, Contrast, Highlights, Shadows and more – and it has an expandable Curves adjustment panel too. You’d use it as a first stop for detailed and careful tonal adjustments to your photo.
Adding a coloured tone to black and white pictures to add depth or atmosphere. The most famous is sepia toning, so often used for Victorian portraits. These days most people simulate toning effects digitally using colour controls and effects filters.
Tonality is a software tool for creating a wide variety of black and white image effects but also includes some colour processes too. It comes with a wide range of preset effects, each of which can be adjusted using manual controls. You can also create and save effects of your own.
A filter in Color Efex Pro, part of the Nik Collection, to adjust the contrast with specific brightness ranges. For example, if the shadow areas of a photo are looking rather flat, you can boost them with the Shadows slider and leave the rest of the picture unaffected.
A secondary white balance adjustment used alongside colour temperature for more complex light sources like fluorescent lighting. Colour temperature works across an amber-blue spectrum, while tint adds a green-magenta axis.
A filming technique where frames shot at intervals are combined to make a video. For example, if you shot 300 frames at 1-second intervals and turned them into a movie running at 30fps, then five minutes of real time would be compressed into a 10-second movie.
A close relative of the bulb (B) shutter speed setting and, like bulb mode, it’s used for long exposures. With time (T) exposures, though, you don’t hold the shutter button down all the time – you press once to start the exposure and a second time to end it.
All digital cameras record the time and date and embed it in the photo’s EXIF data. It’s important to set the time and date correctly on the camera because it’s used later on when you want to search for photos on your computer or sort them in chronological order.