Gain control

Gain is a term you’re likely to meet in video rather than stills photography. It basically means turning up the input signal strength to record a decent value. Videographers are more likely to talk about increasing the ISO setting rather than the ‘gain’, though it amounts to the same thing. It’s still used for audio recording, where your camera or sound recorder will probably have a ‘gain control’ or some kind of ‘AGC’ – automatic gain control.