Most cameras have a hotshoe for attaching flashguns and other accessories. These are ‘hot’ because they have the electrical contacts needed to connect with and trigger the accessory that’s been added. A cold shoe is simply the same kind of mounting plate but without the connections. For example, they’re used for attaching video lights (which need no connection to the camera) or microphones (which connect to the camera by cable or wirelessly) or simply as a holder for external flashguns fired remotely by the camera.
Most of us take photographs in whatever light is currently available but pro photographers will often want to take control of the lighting by introducing their own. It may be as simple as a single flash unit or as complex as a multi-light setup fired by remote control. Photographic lighting comes in many different types and styles, from mains-powered studio flash to battery-powered location lights for stills and video.
A reflector is a kind of lighting modifier designed to reflect light back towards your subject. Usually it’s a white or foil-covered disc stretched tight across a circular wire rim. When the reflector’s not being used it can be twisted into a much smaller disc and stored in a circular carry case. [Read more…] about Reflector
A honeycomb grid is a lighting attachment designed to narrow the light from a flash or continuous lighting source into a tight beam. It gets its name from the hexagonal shape of the holes in the grid. Where other lighting attachments are designed to spread and soften the light, a honeycomb grid is design to focus it tightly on a single area. It’s a type of light modifier.