Any program which can edit, enhance or manipulate digital images is technically an image editor, though usually this term is reserved for more advanced, technical programs like Photoshop rather than simpler everyday photo management tools like Apple Photos or Google Photos.
Highly complex photo-editors offer so many tools that the interface can quickly become cluttered and confusing. To get round this, most offer the ability to produce a custom workspace containing only the tools you use most often.
The steps taken by photographers at various stages of the image capture, editing and sharing process. For many photographers, getting the right ‘workflow’ means choosing the best image browsing and cataloguing approach and working out how to integrate their photo editing software with their filing system – it often boils down to figuring out how […]
A way of marking images as your own property to prevent others from passing them off as their own or earning income from your work. Watermarks are visible on the image, which is a downside, but they do act as a visible deterrent and warning that you take image copyright ownership seriously.
Viveza is a software plug in which offers localised adjustments for photos via ‘control’ points. It’s part of the Google Nik Collection. You can use it to apply dodging and burning effects to enhance colour images in just the same way you would in black and white.
Because Lightroom uses non-destructive editing, its adjustments are stored as metadata (processing instructions) rather than new image files. This means it can create any number of Virtual Copies of the same image for trying out different effects, without having to duplicate the image itself on your hard disk.
Any effect which gives the look of an old photo, including sepia toning, photo borders, paper patterns and textures and anything else which gives a distressed, ‘aged’ look.
An effect where the edges of the picture are darker than the centre. It was common with old lenses and it’s become associated with a vintage look. It’s considered a lens aberration these days, though photographers often like to add a vignette effect deliberately.
Software that corrects distortion using lens correction profiles, fixes volume deformation created by wideangle lenses and offers perspective correction tools for fixing converging verticals and more. Works as a standalone app or as a plug-in and also integrates with DxO Optics Pro. See also: DxO ViewPoint 3 review
A more sophisticated version of the regular saturation adjustment which targets the weakest colours rather than applying a constant saturation increase across the whole range. It’s less likely to produce solid, ‘clipped’ colours and can give a more natural, more controllable colour boost.
Tools use for drawing shapes rather than editing the pixels in photos. Vector shapes are described mathematically, so you can scale them up to any size without quality loss, edit them after they’ve been created and combine them in different ways. In photo editing, they’re most likely to be used for makign a very precise […]
Used in Capture One Pro to create different versions of a photo without physically duplicating the image file on your hard disk. Capture One Pro’s adjustment are non-destructive, which means they consist of processing instructions rather than direct adjustments to image files. Lightroom has a similar feature called ‘Virtual Copies’.
The ‘designer’ word for text.
Changing the perspective or scale of a photo or objects within the photo. Typically it can include straightening, scaling up and down, skewing or correcting converging verticals, for example.
A deliberately low-quality image effect that mimics the retro look produced by cheap old film cameras. Pictures have added contrast and colour saturation and strong vignetting at the edges of the frame. Some toy camera effects add a colour shift to simulate old and out of date film.
A technique used by HDR software to ‘map’ the extremely wide brightness range of a high dynamic range image into an editable form where the extremes of shadow and highlight detail are preserved. It’s usually the first and sometimes the only step in making an HDR image.
An all-in-one tonal adjustment filter in ON1 Photo which offers control over Exposure, Contrast, Highlights, Shadows and more – and it has an expandable Curves adjustment panel too. You’d use it as a first stop for detailed and careful tonal adjustments to your photo.
Adding a coloured tone to black and white pictures to add depth or atmosphere. The most famous is sepia toning, so often used for Victorian portraits. These days most people simulate toning effects digitally using colour controls and effects filters.
Tonality is a software tool for creating a wide variety of black and white image effects but also includes some colour processes too. It comes with a wide range of preset effects, each of which can be adjusted using manual controls. You can also create and save effects of your own.
A filter in Color Efex Pro, part of the Nik Collection, to adjust the contrast with specific brightness ranges. For example, if the shadow areas of a photo are looking rather flat, you can boost them with the Shadows slider and leave the rest of the picture unaffected.